The great fire off london

Visit Website It had been a hot, dry summer, and a strong wind further encouraged the flames. As the conflagration grew, city authorities struggled to tear down buildings and create a firebreak, but the flames repeatedly overtook them before they could complete their work. People fled into the Thames River dragging their possessions, and the homeless took refuge in the hills on the outskirts of London. Light from the Great Fire could be seen 30 miles away.

The great fire off london

Print this page Introduction Late summer, London was an emotional and physical tinderbox. Following decades of political and religious upheaval, the restoration in of the Protestant Charles II ensured that suspicion lingered around republicans and Catholics alike.

With the country also at war with the French and Dutch, paranoid xenophobia - a familiar English trait of the period - was rife.

Fires in London were common, even inevitable, given the capital's largely timber construction. Yet for years there had been warnings of London's total destruction by fire: In AprilCharles had warned the Lord Mayor of London of the danger caused by the narrow streets and overhanging timber houses.

Furthermore, a long, hot summer had left London dry and drought had depleted water reserves. Yet the greatest fear among Londoners was not fire. Plague had killed over 68, people in the previous two years. Although Charles II had returned to Whitehall in FebruaryLondon remained unsafe, with death carts still commonplace.

What worried inhabitants most was the strong east wind. This, combined with the dry, dusty air, was known to be particularly effective in carrying plague. It would prove as equally efficient as fire in taking lives.

Top London's burning Long Lane, Smithfield. The family fled across the nearby roofs, leaving only a maid, too scared to run, who soon became the first of the four listed casualties of the fire. With only narrow streets dividing wooden buildings, the fire took hold rapidly, and within an hour the Mayor, Sir Thomas Bloodworth, had been woken with the news.

He was unimpressed, declaring that 'A woman might piss it out'. Yet by dawn London Bridge was burning: It did so again: Samuel Pepys lived nearby and on Sunday morning walked to the Tower of London. There he saw the fire heading west, fanned by the wind, and described 'pigeons Although Charles II immediately ordered Bloodworth to destroy as many houses as necessary to contain the fire, early efforts to create firebreaks were overcome by the strength of the wind, which enabled the fire to jump gaps of even twenty houses.

By the end of Sunday the fire had begun to travel against the wind, towards the Tower, and Pepys had begun to pack. By the following dawn, the fire was raging north and west, and panic reigned. The Duke of York took control of efforts to stop the fire, with militias summoned from neighbouring counties to help the fight, and stop looting.

But the flames continued relentlessly, devouring Gracechurch Street, Lombard Street, the Royal Exchange, and heading towards the wealthy area of Cheapside.

By mid afternoon the smoke could be seen from Oxford, and Londoners had begun to flee to the open spaces of Moorfields and Finsbury Hill.

The great fire off london

Top Demolition By nightfall the streets were jammed with the carts of fleeing Londoners, and the fire was heading down Watling Lane, towards St Paul's Cathedral.

The next day saw the greatest destruction. Both the King and the Duke of York were immersed in the battle against the fire, which was contained until late afternoon, when it jumped over the break at Mercers' Hall and began to consume Cheapside, London's widest and wealthiest street.

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While Pepys was busy evacuating his house - digging a pit in which he buried 'a parmazan cheese as well as my wine and some other things' - he had an inspiration. Although demolition began to take effect in the east, in the west the fire had destroyed Newgate and Ludgate prisons, and was travelling along Fleet Street towards Chancery Lane.

It was visible as far away as Enfield, embers were falling on Kensington, and flames surrounded St Paul's Cathedral, covered in scaffolding. This caught fire, soon followed by the timber roof beams.

The lead roof melted and flowed down Ludgate Hill, and stones exploded from the building. Within a few hours the Cathedral was a ruin. This marked the height of the inferno. On Wednesday morning the fire reached a brick wall - literally - at Middle Temple and at Fetter Lane.

Workers took the opportunity to pull down more buildings and widen the break. At the same time, the wind slackened and changed direction, turning south and blowing the fire onto itself and into the river.

In the north, it was being checked at Smithfield and Holborn Bridge, and the Mayor, finally useful, was directing demolition in Cripplegate. Top The aftermath By Thursday the fire was effectively extinguished, having destroyed acres of the City - from the Tower in the East to Fleet Street and Fetter Lane in the West - and burning around 13, houses, 84 churches and 44 company halls.Get the latest science news and technology news, read tech reviews and more at ABC News.

Mar 29,  · In September the heart of England's capital, the City of London (now London's financial district), was devastated by fire. Everyone knows the Great Fire of London . The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of the English city of London from Sunday, 2 September to Thursday, 6 September The fire gutted the medieval City of London inside the old Roman city threatened but did not reach the aristocratic district of Westminster, Charles II's Palace of .

The Great Fire of London was a disaster waiting to happen.

The RACV Torquay Resort is probably the most famous luxury accommodation on the Great Ocean Road. It is located actually at the start of it, in Jan Juc just after Torquay. This resort has all you need for a great stay, from the swimming pool to the gym, from the beautiful view to the fantastic service and unique architecture. London still suffered fires despite the changes that were made to the City’s streets and buildings after the Great Fire. Later in the 17th century Firefighting methods gradually became more sophisticated. “London is shattered and broken to pieces” With more than 80% of the City of London destroyed by fire (13, houses alone), and a similar percentage of the population rendered homeless, there was an urgent need to rebuild the city and to recommence trade.

London of was a city of medieval houses made mostly of oak timber. Some of the poorer houses had walls covered with tar, which kept. Important changes are coming to overnight parking after Labour Day weekend. Starting Tuesday, September 4, drivers will need to register their vehicles for overnight parking using theovernight parking pass system.

“London is shattered and broken to pieces” With more than 80% of the City of London destroyed by fire (13, houses alone), and a similar percentage of the population rendered homeless, there was an urgent need to rebuild the city and to recommence trade.

BBC - History - London's Burning: The Great Fire