History Anarchist Auguste Vaillant guillotined in France in Execution of criminals has been used by nearly all societies since the beginning of civilizations on Earth. The use of formal execution extends to the beginning of recorded history. Most historical records and various primitive tribal practices indicate that the death penalty was a part of their justice system.
It is implemented as a punishment in capital crimes which includes murder, rape, adultery, drug trafficking, and corruption. Countries employing capital punishment classifies death penalty depending on the virtue ethics present in the specific country.
For example, some countries reserved death penalty for murder and treason while other countries direct death penalty for sexual crimes rapehuman and drug trafficking. Some of the European and Asian countries employ capital punishment, specifically in democratic countries United States of America, Guatemala and Zambia.
In some cultures, punishment through death sentencing is an insult to their culture. Supporters of capital punishment argue about resolving crimes and prevent recidivism while the opponents argue about violations of human rights and discriminates minorities.
InChina 1IranPakistan 82Iraq 65Sudan 65 and United States 56 carried out most number of the criminals executed. In most of the countries employing capital punishment, most are developed nations that retained capital punishment. Even after death penalty has been suspended, these countries still resume in executing criminals.
Virtue ethics emphasizes the moral character as against to consequentialism emphasize the consequence of actions. Capital punishment in reference to virtue ethics imply unconstructive to our moral values.
However, different societies view capital punishment in accordance to their moral rule while others view capital punishment not as an option in a committed crime. The society directs to what its system will employ punishments of a crime in accordance to their virtue ethics.
This is affected by several factors present in the society including; kind of government i. For the last decades, people around the world employed death penalty as a solution in minimizing crimes. However, many countries already abolished capital punishment including Philippines.
Among the retentionist countries, implement death penalty on juveniles e. Iran executed 4 child criminals in In China, inmates were executed by firing squad.
In the Philippines, criminals were executed through lethal injection before capital punishment had been abolished in The practice of death penalty had been accepted in developing and authoritarian countries. In Asia, the death penalty is widely supported by the public in retentionist countries while the European community restricts practicing death penalty.
In such cases, some abolitionist countries the public supported capital punishment. In Europe, most countries abolished death penalty as an entry condition in European Union.
In United States, some states abolished capital punishment Michigan in The states in U. Debates have been continuously occurring regarding capital punishment, whether it is right to implement or not. In consideration to the ethical perspective, death penalty was often abolished.
In a particular case which involves brutal murder, some countries employ death sentencing only in brutal crimes. In United States, miscarriage of justice tends for the judiciary to revive a debate on capital punishment instead of abolishing it.
Our virtue ethics says that every individual has an equal right to live and seek happiness.Corporal punishment was fairly common but capital punishment was very rare. Norman punishment Capital and corporal punishment rose, breaking forest laws had big consequences like hanging, wergild system was ended, minor crimes punished by stocks and whipping.
In , the Supreme Court effectively nullified the death penalty and converted the death sentences of hundreds of death row inmates to life in prison.
In , another Supreme Court ruling found capital punishment to be constitutional. Criminal penalties range from a small fine or community service to the death penalty. Why are criminals punished?
To justify imposing punishment on one of its members, a society must have a purpose. It is punishment which implies retribution, a matter of payback or penalty which includes the death penalty, the most drastic form of corporal punishment.
Corporal punishment to this group is based on fear being the foundation to force compliance, as well as a deterrent against inappropriate or criminal action or behaviour.
Jan 07, · The Death Penalty – Capital Punishment. In some countries where the death penalty is still used eg China, America and Iran it is usually given for the most serious offences eg murder.
However, it may also be given for crimes such as adultery, drug offences, treason and war crimes. The treatment of criminals, including: prison, corporal punishment, community service, forgiveness.
Ethical arguments related to the death penalty, including .