The total number of the former provided by quotas from the states throughout the conflict wasmen, and the militias totaledAt any given time, however, the American forces seldom numbered over 20,; in there were only about 29, insurgents under arms throughout the country. The war was therefore one fought by small field armies. Militias, poorly disciplined and with elected officers, were summoned for periods usually not exceeding three months.
There were 13 colonies, and the colonists people living in the colonies did not like many of the actions of the British Government.
For many years the British government decided which countries could trade with the colonies, instead of the colonies deciding it themselves.
Many colonists wanted free trade. This law said that colonists had to buy stamps for legal papers, newspapersand even playing cardsas other British people did.
The money from the stamps went to the King. The colonies did not follow this law. The colonies kept refusing to do what the King wanted. The British sent more soldiers to keep control of the colonies and sometimes had to fight. Inthe British passed the Intolerable Acts. Not all colonists wanted to leave the British Empire.
The Loyalists, or Toriesstayed loyal to Great Britain. They were not going to change their views. The Patriots, or Whigs, wanted independence. Before the Revolutionary War, most people in America were Loyalists; but after it, most people were Patriots.
Many colonists wrote letters showing how they felt. Thomas Paine wrote Common Sensea famous pamphlet about independence from Britain. One of the first major battles was the Battle of Bunker Hill in After that, the British controlled Boston.
Though the colonists lost New York the British would hold it for the rest of the warWashington was able to hold onto most of his army. Inthe British attacked the city of Philadelphiathen the American capital. Two battles were fought over Philadelphia: Again, the Americans lost a major city, but Washington was able to keep most of his army.
Around this time, the Frenchman Lafayette joined the American Army. Inthe British left Philadelphia. Between andmost battles between Washington and the British were inconclusive they did not have any major effect militarily.
One of the most important battles was the Battle of Saratoga in This led to France and Spain joining the war on the side of Americans.
These powerful countries fought the British around the world. From tothere was fighting in the West. The American commerce raider John Paul Jones also won several naval battles over the British, but the French navy did most of the fighting at sea.
The Americans tried to capture Canada several times. Southern battles In major fighting shifted to Georgia and South Carolina. As fighting spread northward, General Nathanael Greene led the Rebel campaign.
He caused many people in the South to be Patriots instead of Loyalists, and won several battles against the British. This was called the Battle of Yorktown. When their soldiers lost this battle, the British surrendered.Oct 29, · Watch video · The Revolutionary War was an insurrection by American Patriots in the 13 colonies to British rule, resulting in American independence.
The Revolutionary War (), also known as the American.
The American Revolution was the 18th-century colonists' struggle for independence from Britain. Learn about the Revolutionary War, the Declaration of Independence and more. When launched in , the Revolutionary War Trust (formerly Campaign ) became the first-ever national organization concerned with protecting battlefields from the American Revolutionary War, as well as educating the public about our country’s struggle for independence.
Oct 29, · Watch video · The Revolutionary War was an insurrection by American Patriots in the 13 colonies to British rule, resulting in American independence.
The Revolutionary War (), also known as the American. Oct 29, · American Revolution, also called United States War of Independence or American Revolutionary War, (–83), insurrection by which 13 of Great Britain’s North American colonies won political independence and went on to form the United States of America.
The Revolutionary War was a war unlike any other—one of ideas and ideals, that shaped “the course of human events.” With principal engagements from , the Revolutionary War was the catalyst for American independence.