Culture Humans have come to accept that History by mere definition is the exploration and study of history whereas the Human Sciences are defined as the in depth study of social, biological and cultural aspects of human beings. As humans we have used and accepted this two Areas of Knowledge, to interpret and understand the world around us. History and Human Sciences seek to influence humans through language, reason, and emotion. An assumption is made here that the Ways of Knowing help the Areas of Knowledge mentioned above serve their purpose.
Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting: To what extent can knowledge progress over time and does the nature of knowledge influence its progression?
For instance, across Areas of Knowledge AOKs like the natural sciences and the ethics knowledge may progress differently.
This is partially because in each of these AOKs the definition of knowledge slightly differs. The quote by using the word "sometimes" takes into account different possibilities, yet implies that knowledge is not always discarded.
To explore whether knowledge accepted today is discarded tomorrow it is important to specify what "knowledge" means in the context of specific AOKs. In the natural sciences "scientific knowledge" may be defined as information that has been Sample tok essays to be valid through empirical evidence and rational deduction and has not yet been disproven.
The nature of knowledge may be described by its establishment: It is established through various ways of knowing WOK.
First the scientist uses sense perception to observe his natural surroundings, then using creativity and imagination he could question how a specific natural phenomenon occurs. The natural scientist then aims to find an answer to the question through inductive and deductive logical reasoning, by setting up a hypothesis and finding supporting evidence.
Other natural scientists may then come to know those findings through language and replicate them to strengthen prior knowledge or research may result in opposing evidence, potentially leading to the replacement of the old theory with a new one. Thus, the nature of the natural sciences influences its progression.
Knowledge in the natural sciences aims to discover permanently valid objective laws of nature. Yet, can a theory be permanently valid?
For instance humankind has learned long ago how to make fire and this knowledge has remained permanently valid.
However, we have used this knowledge to develop new inventions like fuel, factories, or the Bunsen burner that we use in biology class. Thus, the natural sciences aim to make valid discoveries but since research is ongoing knowledge in the natural sciences changes over time instead of being "discarded".
The latest findings of natural sciences are then regarded as scientific knowledge accepted today while the older findings are one step in the process of acquiring this knowledge. For example in my science class I learned about Leucippus and Democritus, 5th century BC Timeline of the Atomic Bombwho were the first to develop theories on atomism, forming the foundations for knowledge developed by Newton in the 17th century and following various scientists that again developed this knowledge further History of the Atomic Bomb.
In such cases, knowledge may still be accepted as being valid, yet is perceived as limited since more extensive knowledge has been built upon it. However, this is assuming that scientists knew about the previous scientists' work.
It may have been unlikely such knowledge existed when we consider scientific research in a time before communication between scientists around the world was possible.
Oftentimes the buildup of knowledge is possible by enhancing WOK, as with the stethoscope that enhances auditory sense perception.
From the above it can be seen that in the natural sciences knowledge accepted "today" is modified rather than discarded - even if a previous scientist found knowledge that could be falsified, it may have led later scientists closer towards a valid model.
In contrast, it could be claimed that a paradigm shift, where a former valid theory was totally abandoned and replaced by a different theory, shows that knowledge in the natural sciences can be discarded.
An example of an old theory being replaced by another, since contrary evidence was found, can be taken from my IB biology class where we learn about Mendel's law of independent assortment that widely changed the understanding of genetics. He proposed that alleles of genes located on different chromosomes assort independently from one another, creating genetic variety.
Before Mendel, people often believed that the characteristics of parents were equally blended in the offspring. However, the paradigm shift may require some time to be accepted by the general public, as this depends on factors like perspectives, culture and beliefs of people, as well as pre-existing assumptions that had 2 Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our TOK Outlines.We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us.
We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. The 50 theory of knowledge (TOK) essays selected for this publication were recently submitted for the May and November and May examination sessions.
Each essay is an example of an excellent response to one of 20 prescribed titles set by the International Baccalaureate ® (IB) for these sessions. S NOTE: The comments on the following two essays r resent my personal judgment, and ample TOK Essays with Comments and Scores ep.
do not represent an official IB position in any way.
Tok Essay. 6 June Culture; As part of the Ethics subject in my IB TOK class we had a guest speaker, Gisela Ortiz, come talk to us about the “Cantuta Massacre, and how it had affected her family7. ESSAY SAMPLE written strictly according to your requirements. A Sample . 26 rows · THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE ESSAYS Essays May Title.
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Sep 07, · How to Write a TOK Essay. In this Article: Article Summary Choosing Your Essay Title Structuring the Essay Writing the Essay Community Q&A The International Baccalaureate (IB) Theory of Knowledge essay is a – word essay on prescribed topics or titles created by the ashio-midori.com: K. Humans have come to accept that History by mere definition is the exploration and study of history whereas the Human Sciences are defined as the in depth study of social, biological and cultural aspects of human beings. Tok Essay Grade A Level 7 Student Outline IB Outlines > TOK Outlines This is an extract of our Tok Essay Grade A Level 7 Student document, which we sell as part of our TOK Outlines collection written by the top tier of International School Of DüSseldorf students.