It generated bitterness and controversy.
Reconstruction was a success in that it restored the United States as a unified nation: However, Reconstruction failed by most other measures: Radical Republican legislation ultimately failed to protect former slaves from white persecution and failed to engender fundamental changes to the social fabric of the South.
When President Rutherford B. Hayes removed federal troops from the South informer Confederate officials and slave owners almost immediately returned to power.
With the support of a conservative Supreme Court, these newly empowered white southern politicians passed black codes, voter qualifications, and other anti-progressive legislation to reverse the rights that blacks had gained during Radical Reconstruction.
Meanwhile, the sharecropping system—essentially a legal form of slavery that kept blacks tied to land owned by rich white farmers—became widespread in the South.
With little economic power, blacks ended up having to fight for civil rights on their own, as northern whites lost interest in Reconstruction by the mids. Reconstruction thus came to a close with many of its goals left unaccomplished.
The First and Second Reconstructions held out the great promise of rectifying racial injustices in America. The First Reconstruction, emerging out of the chaos of the Civil War had as its goals equality for Blacks in voting, politics, and use of public facilities. The impeachment of the 17th president of the United States, Andrew Johnson was a key event in the history of Reconstruction as well as in the history of our nation. On March 2nd of that year, President Johnson vetoed the first of two Reconstruction Acts that would be presented to him. The Reconstruction Bill stated that in order for the previous laws to be enforced within the Southern States, the South would be divided up into military districts and put under a type of martial law, depending upon the.
Radical Republicans in Congress might have impeached President Lincoln after the Civil War, had he not been assassinated, because he and Congress had contrasting visions for handling postwar Reconstruction.
InLincoln wanted to end the Civil War as quickly as possible. He feared that strong northern public support for the war would wane if the fighting continued and knew that the war was also taking an enormous toll on northern families and resources.
Lincoln worried that if the war dragged on, a settlement would be reached that would leave the North and South as two separate nations. As it turned out, his fears were justified: As a result, in the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction ofLincoln drafted lenient specifications for secessionist states for readmission into the Union—an attempt to entice Unionists and those tired of fighting in the South to surrender.
His Ten-Percent Plan, part of the proclamation, called for southern states to be readmitted into the Union after 10 percent of the voting public swore a loyalty oath to the United States.
Lincoln did not want Reconstruction to be a long, drawn-out process; rather, he wanted the states to draft new constitutions so that the Union could be quickly restored. Radical Republicans, on the other hand, wanted the South to pay a price for secession and believed that Congress, not the president, should direct the process of Reconstruction.
The Radical Republicans saw serious flaws in Civil War—era southern society and were adamant that the South needed full social rehabilitation to resemble the North.
Many Republican Congressmen also aimed to improve education and labor conditions to benefit all of the oppressed classes in southern society, black and white. In the end, Radical Republicans in the House impeached President Andrew Johnson in because he repeatedly blocked their attempt to pass radical legislation.
Had Lincoln remained alive, he might have been in the same position himself: Indeed, Lincoln had made it clear during the Civil War that he was fighting to restore the Union, not to emancipate slaves.
It is likely that Lincoln thus would have battled with Congress over the control of Reconstruction, blocked key Reconstruction policies, and met as vindictive a House as Johnson did All three thus played a role in ending Reconstruction.
The executives bribed dozens of Congressmen and cabinet members in Ulysses S. The scheme was eventually exposed, and many politicians were forced to resign.
When the Depression of struck, northern voters became even less interested in pursuing Reconstruction efforts. Unemployment climbed to 15 percent, and hard currency became scarce. With pressing economic problems, northerners did not have time to worry about helping former slaves, punishing the Ku Klux Klan, or readmitting southern states into the Union.
The Resumption Act reduced the amount of currency circulating in the economy in an effort to curb inflation caused by the depression.
Although the act improved economic conditions in the long run, it made for harder times in both the North and South in the short run. The Act was Republican-sponsored, so Democrats were able to capitalize on its unpopularity to rally support for their party. This increased popularity translated into election victories that enabled Democrats to retake the South, bringing Reconstruction to a close.The Action of President Johnson Essay.
B. Pages:2 Words This is just a sample. To get a unique essay. “The Action of President Johnson were far more important to the Civil Rights Movement than that of President Kennedy in the years to ” Johnson vetoed the first and second reconstruction acts ;. Reconstruction, Reconstruction era of the United States, Reconstruction of the Rebel States, Reconstruction of the South, Reconstruction of the Southern States President Lincoln signed two Confiscation Acts into law, the first on August 6, , and the second on July 17, , safeguarding fugitive slaves from the Confederacy that came.
To quicken this transformation of the South, Congress passed a series of progressive legislation, including the Civil Rights Act of , the First and Second Reconstruction Acts, the Ku Klux Klan Act of , the Civil Rights Act of , and the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to .
Reconstruction In The United States Essay The era of Reconstruction was from to when Americans tried to reunite a nation shattered by Civil War.
It generated bitterness and controversy. Essay Reconstruction After the Civil War The period of Reconstruction began during the Civil War and ended in This era is known for the advancements made in favor of racial equality. Johnson vetoed the first and second reconstruction acts The impeachment of the 17th president of the United States, Andrew Johnson was a key event in the history of .