Marshall from Australia was conferred the Prince Mahidol Award in the field of Public Health in for the discovery of the new bacterium indentified as Helicobacter pylori that caused severe gastritis, and its sensitivity to particular antibacterial drugs. He later received the Nobel Prize in the field of Medicine in for the same discovery. Chan, the Director-General of the World Health Organization, was conferred the Prince Mahidol Award in the field of Public Health in for her various preventive and promotive health campaigns and risk managements launched in various scales, locations.
See Article History Linda B.
Buckborn January 29,SeattleWashingtonU. Buck received a B. She first worked with Axel in the early s at Columbia University in New York Citywhere Axel was a professor and Buck was his postdoctoral student.
In Buck and Axel jointly published a landmark scientific paper, based on research they had conducted with laboratory rats, that detailed their discovery of the family of 1, genes that encode, or produce, an equivalent number of olfactory receptors.
These receptors are proteins responsible for detecting the odorant molecules in the air and are located on olfactory receptor cells, which are clustered within a small area in the back of the nasal cavity.
The two scientists then clarified how the olfactory system functions by showing that each receptor cell has only one type of odour receptorwhich is specialized to recognize a few odours.
After odorant molecules bind to receptors, the receptor cells send electrical signals to the olfactory bulb in the brain. The brain combines information from several types of receptors in specific patterns, which are experienced as distinct odours.
Axel and Buck later determined that most of the details they uncovered about the sense of smell are virtually identical in rats, humans, and other animals, although they discovered that humans have only about types of working olfactory receptors, about one-third the number in rats.
Nevertheless, the genes that encode olfactory receptors in humans account for about 3 percent of all human genes.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Linda B. Buck, (born January 29, , Seattle, Washington, U.S.), American scientist and corecipient, with Richard Axel, of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in for discoveries concerning the olfactory system.
Buck received a B.S. () in both microbiology and psychology from the.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was divided, one half awarded to Harald zur Hausen "for his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer", the other half jointly to Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus".
Harald zur Hausen (born 11 March ) is a German virologist and professor ashio-midori.com has done research on cancer of the cervix, where he discovered the role of papilloma viruses, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Harald Zur Hausen was born on March 11, in Gelsenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
See full bio» Can't get enough of movies and TV shows that scare up a good fright? Check out Scary Good, IMDb's Horror Entertainment Guide. Linda B. Buck, (born January 29, , Seattle, Washington, U.S.), American scientist and corecipient, with Richard Axel, of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in for discoveries concerning the olfactory system.
Buck received a B.S. () in both microbiology and psychology from the. Harald. 0 references. date of birth. 11 March 3 references. imported from Wikimedia project. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Online ID. biography/Harald-zur-Hausen. named as. Harald zur Hausen. retrieved. 9 October place of birth. Gelsenkirchen. 2 references.