An introduction to the history of the statue of liberty

On Liberty Island stands the colossal statue which the French people gave as a gift to the United States for its one hundredth birthday. Within the base of the statue is the American Museum of Immigration, containing exhibits depicting the course of immigration to this nation and the resulting cultural heterogeneity of its population. Nearby, lies Ellis Island, the site of the first federal Immigration station, through which some twelve million persons entered the country between and and at which others were detained and eventually deported. The Statue of Liberty National Monument is unique in that it does not commemorate a particular historic event or personage, but rather celebrates a set of ideas.

An introduction to the history of the statue of liberty

In after-dinner conversation at his home near VersaillesLaboulaye, an ardent supporter of the Union in the American Civil Waris supposed to have said: In order to honor these achievements, Laboulaye proposed that a gift be built for the United States on behalf of France.

Laboulaye hoped that by calling attention to the recent achievements of the United States, the French people would be inspired to call for their own democracy in the face of a repressive monarchy. Sketches and models were made of the proposed work, though it was never erected.

There was a classical precedent for the Suez proposal, the Colossus of Rhodes: In the war, Napoleon III was captured and deposed. He was delighted to learn that the island was owned by the United States government—it had been ceded by the New York State Legislature in for harbor defense.

It was thus, as he put it in a letter to Laboulaye: Grantwho assured him that it would not be difficult to obtain the site for the statue. Bartholdi continued to develop the concept following his return to France. One of these was the Lion of Belforta monumental sculpture carved in sandstone below the fortress of Belfortwhich during the war had resisted a Prussian siege for over three months.

Methodology of Art History

Capitol in Washington, D. Columbia left and the Indian princess Bartholdi and Laboulaye considered how best to express the idea of American liberty. Columbia had supplanted the earlier figure of an Indian princesswhich had come to be regarded as uncivilized and derogatory toward Americans.

It was originally to be crowned with a pileusthe cap given to emancipated slaves in ancient Rome. Secretary of War Jefferson Davisa Southerner who would later serve as President of the Confederate States of Americawas concerned that the pileus would be taken as an abolitionist symbol.

He ordered that it be changed to a helmet. Instead, he used a diademor crown, to top its head. He gave it bold classical contours and applied simplified modeling, reflecting the huge scale of the project and its solemn purpose.

The surfaces should be broad and simple, defined by a bold and clear design, accentuated in the important places. The enlargement of the details or their multiplicity is to be feared. By exaggerating the forms, in order to render them more clearly visible, or by enriching them with details, we would destroy the proportion of the work.

Finally, the model, like the design, should have a summarized character, such as one would give to a rapid sketch. Only it is necessary that this character should be the product of volition and study, and that the artist, concentrating his knowledge, should find the form and the line in its greatest simplicity.

Bartholdi considered having Liberty hold a broken chain, but decided this would be too divisive in the days after the Civil War. The erected statue does stride over a broken chain, half-hidden by her robes and difficult to see from the ground.

Growing interest in the upcoming Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia led Laboulaye to decide it was time to seek public support.

Statue History - The Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island

With the announcement, the statue was given a name, Liberty Enlightening the World. Less idealistically, contributions came from those who hoped for American support in the French attempt to build the Panama Canal. The copper may have come from multiple sources and some of it is said to have come from a mine in VisnesNorway, [38] though this has not been conclusively determined after testing samples.

Fundraising continued, with models of the statue put on sale. He soon died, leaving no indication of how he intended to transition from the copper skin to his proposed masonry pier.

Eiffel opted not to use a completely rigid structure, which would force stresses to accumulate in the skin and lead eventually to cracking. A secondary skeleton was attached to the center pylon, then, to enable the statue to move slightly in the winds of New York Harbor and as the metal expanded on hot summer days, he loosely connected the support structure to the skin using flat iron bars [28] which culminated in a mesh of metal straps, known as "saddles", that were riveted to the skin, providing firm support.

In a labor-intensive process, each saddle had to be crafted individually.

An introduction to the history of the statue of liberty

He included two interior spiral staircasesto make it easier for visitors to reach the observation point in the crown. He was succeeded as chairman of the French committee by Ferdinand de Lessepsbuilder of the Suez Canal.

The completed statue was formally presented to Ambassador Morton at a ceremony in Paris on July 4,and de Lesseps announced that the French government had agreed to pay for its transport to New York. The Panic of had led to an economic depression that persisted through much of the decade.

The Liberty statue project was not the only such undertaking that had difficulty raising money: Sinceit had rarely been used, though during the Civil War, it had served as a recruiting station.

Within months, Hunt submitted a detailed plan, indicating that he expected construction to take about nine months.The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World; French: Bartholdi crossed the Atlantic, with letters of introduction signed by Laboulaye.

Bartholdi and Laboulaye considered how best to express the idea of American liberty. In early American history, two female figures were frequently used as cultural symbols of the nation.

The statue of liberty means so much more than just copper on an island somewhere in New York or New Jersey. The Statue of Liberty has a . The Statue of Liberty exhibit, which opened in July and is located on the second floor in the pedestal of the Statue, traces the history and symbolism of the Statue of Liberty through museum objects, photographs, prints, videos and oral histories.

Liberty Enlightening the World, known as the Statue of Liberty, was donated to the US by France and is an artistic personification of liberty. Broadly speaking, liberty is the ability to do as one pleases.

[1]. The Statue of Liberty belongs to the "National Park Service" since June 10, It is a US federal agency in charge of protection of national parks, national monuments, and other historic sites of national interest. The history of art is a school subject taught in varying degrees in Education.

Its aim is the teaching of artistic works that have been done in the past from a symbolic point of view. Introduction. Official name "Liberty Enlightening the World," the "Statue of Liberty" is a work of art by Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor born in Colmar.

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